Dentin Hypersensitivity, or sensitive teeth is a common oral condition that is characterized by discomfort or sharp and sudden pain in one or more teeth.
The reaction is often triggered by hot, cold, sweet or sour food and drinks. Sensitive teeth can be aggravating and can affect a person's ability to enjoy certain foods.
Picture Credit: amanodental.com
The dentin in your teeth has two protective coatings. Enamel is the coating over the crown part of your tooth. Cementum is the coating over the root part of your tooth.
When the enamel and cementum wear or decay, little tubes within the dentin are left exposed or unprotected. These little tubes are pathways to the nerve of the tooth which when left unexposed can leave the nerve vulnerable to sensations including pain. The nerves are particularly irritated by hot and cold temperatures, acidity and sugar.
Tips for Reducing Tooth Sensitivty
- Switch to a densitizing toothpaste
- Use a soft bristled toothbrush
- Practice good oral hygiene
- Avoid highly acidic foods and beverages
- Talk to your Dentist
Causes of Dentin Hypersensitivty
- Aggressive toothbrushing
- Acidic foods and beverages
- Certain toothpastes and mouthwashes
- Teeth whitening products
- Gum disease
- Broken or cracked teeth
- Bulimia and acid reflux
- Plaque build up
- Routine dental procedures